Progress 08/01/09 to 07/31/11
OUTPUTS: This final narrative report presents the summary of a study on the Menominee Nation, its community, forest, and culture to identify climate change impacts and possible actions to increase the communities' resilience to climate change. A task of this study was to identify issues that were likely to affect the vulnerability of the Menominee people, tribe and forest, and to address gaps in knowledge in other climate research efforts. Another task of the study was identify sustainable forest management practices that support adaptation, monitoring, and mitigation of climate impacts. Scoping research was conducted via the internet, College library, publications and database to identify what was available in terms of documentation on; impacts of climate change on tribal/indigenous communities and forest related livelihoods; and Menominee Tribal-specific information related to research, policies, and activities. A product is a reference source of literature relevant to Menominee, other tribal and indigenous communities, and forestry as it relates to the topic of climate change. Student interns conducted interviews with Menominee tribal members and affiliates to contribute to understanding perceptions of climate change and its impacts. The interviews were based on discussion questions on climate change observations and projected impacts; effects on the forest and forest-based livelihoods; recommended actions to address climate impacts. Products of the interviews include 30 video interviews and transcriptions; NVIVO qualitative research software classification, sort, and arrangement of interview information and use of NVIVO software to identify themes,insights and to develop project conclusions; 12 minute video summarizing Menominee perceptions of climate change interviews; 4 students trained in conducting community interviews and producing videos for education, scientific, and cultural information; and 1 student trained in NVIVO qualitative research software. SDI facilitated workshops for the Menominee community to garner information from community stakeholders on observed or anticipated impacts of climate change on forest-based livelihoods and the actions the tribe might propose in order to mitigate or adapt to such impacts. The SDI facilitators used a variety of participatory methods to stimulate experiential learning as well as short presentations to engage project participants in learning about climate change concepts and expressing their concerns and perceptions about how climate change could affect or is affecting their forest-based livelihoods. The participants were given the opportunity to share the knowledge they had acquired, whether through research, or through on the ground observation. Products of the workshops include: defining a Menominee community participatory approach to the workshops which continues to be refined and utilized; final report which will identify existing and planned climate impact adaptation, mitigation, and monitoring activities; identify sustainable forest management that facilitate and support resiliency of forest-based community livelihoods; summarize interviews and workshop findings. PARTICIPANTS: College of Menominee Nation Sustainable Development Institute served as lead for this climate research project. All staff within the Sustainable Development Institute provided support for this research project. Melissa Cook, Principal Investigator and Director of the Sustainable Development Institute led the organization, management, and community relations for the project. She served as a lead researcher for scoping activities, interviews, and community workshops. Dr. William Van Lopik served as our sustainability expert, social science based methodology guide, and researcher in cultural geography and cultural landscapes structure of the research. Beau Mitchell, Sustainability Coordinator worked closely with our 1862 partner, climate science experts, indigenous peoples, and other tribal/indigenous climate change efforts to design interviews, and design the community participatory workshop process. Dr. Mary Emery, formerly of Iowa State University served as our 1862 partner, and provided us community based methodology expertise and technical assistance for our community based participatory methods. Various Sustainable Development Institute provided multimedia support in developing the videos and web based dissemination material. Various students worked on the project conducting interviews and guiding NVIVO qualitative software application. Larry Merculief, Alaskan Aleut provided consulting services to guide our cultural perspective data collection and analysis, to facilitate workshops, and present on impacts of climate change on his Aleut community. Iowa State University served as our 1862 partner, as required in the Tribal College Research Grants Program. USDA Forest Service provided research support through our FS Partnership and its Liaison detailed to College of Menominee Nation and Forest Service Social Scientist detailed to College of Menominee Nation for two months. Dr Robin Kimmerer, SUNY ESF Center for Native Peoples assisted in guiding interdisciplinary research combining modern and native science and using TEK in the process of framing new research in climate impacts. College of Menominee Nation Sustainable Development Institute coordinated all climate research and education efforts that enhanced the collaborators and contacts for this research study. NASA supported the 12 minute video and interview collection. USDA NRCS supported education efforts on carbon sequestration for tribes in Wisconsin. American Indian/Alaskan Native Working Group provided support to organize a Menominee Community Gathering on Climate Change. Sustainable Development Institute staff and student interns had the opportunity to be trained in community based participatory methods, NVIVO qualitative software, community interview techniques and protocols, and climate science. TARGET AUDIENCES: The Climate Research project on Menominee was designed to raise awareness about the impacts of climate change on the Menominee forest-based community livelihoods; to identify strategies and actions to facilitate and support efforts to address climate impacts; to enhance relationships among Menominee Nation and climate scientists; and to make effective and needed representation about impacts of climate change on tribal communities at local, regional, and international arena. Within this end in mind, this research project served the Menominee Nation and its tribal members directly facing impacts by climate change on their lands; other tribal and indigenous groups facing climate impacts on their lands and people; policymakers and leaders with responsibilities and interests in rural development, forestry, agriculture, natural resource management, community and social development, and climate change; non-governmental and community-based organizations working with indigenous people, forests, forest users and/or on climate change issues; government technical staff working with tribal and indigenous people, forests and forest users and/or climate change; technical assistance and funding agencies working with tribal and indigenous people, forests and forest users, and/or climate change; and educational institutions and researchers working with indigenous communities, studying sustainable forest management, and/or Menominee Nation or Menominee forest. Through our workshops, climate scientists provided presentations to the Menominee Community and College of Menominee Nation students related to climate science, climate change, and climate impacts on the region. Student internships were provided to College of Menominee Nation students to participate in the climate research project and work closely with visiting scientists. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.
The research project overall goal was to enhance the current state of research on climate change and its impacts, and more specifically research on and for tribal/indigenous communities and to address the relatively little research attention to indigenous knowledge of climate variability or assessment of relevance of this knowledge for adaptation, monitoring, or mitigation strategies. Tangible outcomes and impacts include: the identification of existing, planned, and needed strategies, actions, and practices for adaptation, monitoring, and mitigation of forest-based livelihoods on Menominee to the impacts of climate change; identification of the benefits, values, and practices of Menominee sustainable forest management that support resiliency to climate impacts; recommendations were drafted to share with tribal members, tribal leaders, policymakers, climate scientists and experts about supporting tribal forest based community livelihoods in the context of climate change impacts on Menominee Nation and Great Lakes Tribes; raised awareness of about the impacts of climate change on the Menominee forest-based community livelihoods amongst persons participating in the interviews and workshops and confirmed by an evaluations of the workshops; engaged National stakeholders and climate experts in a dialogue on the opportunities and relevancy of using indigenous knowledge in the process of framing research and actions for adaptation, monitoring, or mitigation strategies thereby creating networks; and analysis of findings, needs and gaps created the basis for recommending strategies to increase the resilience of rural tribal community forest-based livelihoods to climate change. An important and compelling finding from the research was the confirmation of Menominee's sustainable forest management practices and values as essential component of resiliency to climate impacts. This sustainable forest management tradition is the base for the Menominee ecological, social and economic values of the forest and encompasses many considerations including biodiversity, cultural values, wildlife habitat, water, soil conservation, visual aesthetics, recreation, economic ideals, wetlands, air quality, fisheries, forest products, science and research. Sustainable forest management as practiced and valued by the Menominee is necessary for climate change mitigation and adaptation. Menominee monitor their forest to ensure the goals for balancing the cultural, ecological, social, and economic values are achieved. Close monitoring by our natural resource managers and tribal members have revealed that impacts from climate-related variability, phenomena, and weather patterns are affecting the forest. However, it is unclear in all instances if these changes have been observed over a long period or cyclical occurrences. Observations of Menominee tribal members are consistent with statements regarding climate impacts for the region, confirming that climate variability are impacting forest ecosystems and the livelihoods dependent on them.
- No publications reported this period
Progress 08/01/09 to 07/31/10
College of Menominee Nation Sustainable Development Institute, in collaboration with Iowa State University and USDA Forest Service is conducting a community-based participatory research project to assess Menominee community perceptions of factor and issues that influence the impact of climate change on the Menominee community and natural environment. To date the following activities have been accomplished 1) a research team has been organized and the team has coordinated the research plan, protocol, and process; 2) A Community Workshop on Climate Change was held to introduce the project and the topic of climate change; 3) A review of trends, issues, and perceptions were conducted of relevant stakeholders; 4) 30 community interviews have been conducted, with further interviews in process; 4) an inventory of factors relevant to Menominee and climate change is being summarized; and 5) student research internship. Upcoming activities include a) continuing community interviews; b) completing inventory of factors to climate change; c) continuing student research internship; d) conducting community dialogue, vision sessions, and risk mapping; e) dissemination of project findings; and f) conduct evaluation of project. PRODUCTS: A research team has been organized that include College of Menominee Nation faculty and staff, USDA Forest Service foresters and scientists, Iowa State University social scientist, and Menominee community members and natural resource professionals. A Climate Change Community Workshop was held, which brought in an Alaskan Aleut to discuss his community experiences and relate climate change to culture and sustainability, along with Forest Service Climate Scientist to discuss relevant climate data, to lay the foundation for our Climate Change Research project. Menominee community interviews have been conducted at a total of 30 interviews, with more interviews scheduled. A 15 minute DVD has been compiled, in collaboration with other funding, to introduce the preliminary findings or themes that have emerged from the initial interviews. One student directly through this grant, but nine other students through other funding sources have been engaged in our Menominee Community Climate Change research project. Products to be completed by the end of the project include interviews, community dialogue workshop, written inventory of factors to climate change on Menominee community, and written case study or report on Menominee perceptions of climate change and impacts on their community. OUTCOMES: The intended outcome of the research is improve the understanding of the potential impacts of climate change on the Menominee Nation, to assist Menominee to define a "Menominee determined" climate change monitoring, adaptation, mitigation, and response measures, and to bring voice of American Indian/indigenous people to the climate change dialogue and data. Student internship experiences have been established exposing students to the topic of climate change through understanding the impacts on their own tribal community. Menominee community perceptions of climate change are being captured, with particular interest in the impact on the Menominee sustainable forest, which will have significant global implications and important data. DISSEMINATION ACTIVITIES: For this project, results and products are being disseminated to key target audiences. Dissemination includes workshops to the Menominee Community and creating of introductory DVD on Menominee perceptions of climate change. Further dissemination activities will include web based material of final products and reports, presentations of findings to the Menominee community, and presentations of findings at relevant conferences. FUTURE INITIATIVES: This project is laying the foundation for further research topics on climate change for Menominee forestlands, community, and education, for tribal communities and climate change, for indigenous knowledge and experiences for climate change, and for the need to address social and community elements of climate change that are often overlooked in the climate change research and data. Activities of this project will guide further information needs and projects on climate change, particularly for Menominee community.
The results of this research will be used to facilitate the implementation actions and further research to address climate change and develop adaptive and mitigation strategies. The intent is to identify many of the perceptions, actions, and strategies that may be decided upon to address the local tribal community issues related to climate change.
- No publications reported this period