Sponsoring Institution
National Institute of Food and Agriculture
Project Status
Funding Source
Reporting Frequency
Accession No.
Grant No.
Project No.
Proposal No.
Multistate No.
Program Code
Project Start Date
Sep 1, 2011
Project End Date
Aug 31, 2012
Grant Year
Project Director
Bellinger, R.
Recipient Organization
Performing Department
Entomology, Soils, & Plant Sciences
Non Technical Summary
To become licensed as a private applicator in the state of South Carolina, you must complete an approved Extension Pesticide Applicator Training Program, which includes a written Private Applicator Certification Exam. A private applicator License in South Carolina is required for applicators who will be using Restricted Use Pesticides (RUPs) in the production of an agricultural commodity (products from farms, nurseries, greenhouses and forests) on land that they, or their employers own, rent or lease. A Commercial Pesticide Applicator is an individual over the age of 17 who applies or supervises the application of Restricted Use Pesticides (RUPs) for other individuals for pay. A person must be certified as a commercial applicator if applying pesticides for hire, even if applying Restricted Use Pesticides on his/her employer's or personal property. Commercial applicators are certified in one or more categories and may use Restricted Use Pesticides only in the category(s) in which they are certified. There is mandatory certification in Category 3-Ornamental and Turf Pest Control, Category 5-Aquatic Pest Control Category 7-Structural Pest Control and Category 8-Public Health Pest Control.
Animal Health Component
Research Effort Categories

Knowledge Area (KA)Subject of Investigation (SOI)Field of Science (FOS)Percent
Goals / Objectives
OBJECTIVES: The Clemson University (South Carolina) Cooperative Pesticide Safety Education Program (PSEP) has the overarching objective of protecting human health and the environment by providing pesticide applicators (applicator trainees) with the information necessary to safely and properly apply Restricted Use Pesticides. Outputs: Outputs are training sessions for the intial certification of pesticide applicators, and trainees passing examinations to become licensed (certified) pesticide applicators in South Carolina.
Project Methods
APPROACH: The PSEP coordinator is responsible for the program in South Carolina and works with the South Carolina Department of Pesticide Regulation to identify the training needs and activities for the year. Common activities include: presenting initial certification training for private applicators in a classroom setting and also presenting educational programs in a classroom setting or hands-on environment; developing and updating manuals and other training materials, including DVD and web-based training instruments; developing and coordinating recertification education programs; informing pesticide applicators of programs and materials through e-mail and the Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service Pesticide Safety Education Program web site. Thus, pesticide safety education and training programs consist of classroom or in-the-field presentations, hands-on training, printed media, computer-based media, and web-based information.

Progress 09/01/11 to 08/31/12

OUTPUTS: An estimated 450 Private Pesticide Applicators were licensed (certified) in the project year. These applicators were trained in approximately 30 county Extension offices. Approximately 1,200 Private Pesticide Applicators received license Recertification training via county Extension pesticide safety education programs.Approximately 200 Private Applicators received license Recertification training via Clemson research and Extension field days.Ten (10) scripted units of the new Private Pesticide Applicator Initial Certification program were completed. PARTICIPANTS: Not relevant to this project. TARGET AUDIENCES: Not relevant to this project. PROJECT MODIFICATIONS: Not relevant to this project.

Licensed Private Pesticide Applicators have been trained in the safe use of pesticides. Safe use of pesticides benefits the applicators in terms of their own safety, helps protect agricultural workers from pesticide exposures, protects the environment from pesticide contamination, and protects consumers by minimizing pesticide residues on and in foods.Extension agents consulted with pesticide applicators on the safe and judicious use of pesticides on food and feed crops.


  • Bellinger, R.G. 2011. Pesticide Safety in CU Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops. ACPTP 11-01. December 2011.
  • J. Crouch, B. Beer & Bellinger, R.G. 2011. Pasture and Hay Insect Management, in CU Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops. ACPTP 11-01. December 2011.
  • Bellinger, R.G. 2011. Farm-Stored Corn Insect Management - 2011. Web publication at: _mgmt.html
  • 2012 SOUTHEASTERN PEACH, NECTARINE AND PLUM PEST MANAGEMENT AND CULTURE GUIDE. Senior Editors: Dan Horton, Phil Brannen, Bob Bellinger & David Ritchie. 2012.The University of Georgia College of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences Cooperative Extension Service, Bulletin 1171. January 2012.
  • 2012 Southeast Regional Blueberry Integrated Management Guide. Bob Bellinger and Paul Guillibeau, Section Editors. 2012 Pesticide Stewardship and Safety.
  • Bellinger, R.G. January 2011. Farm-Stored Grain Insect Management. PMIPP 11-01. 6 pages.
  • Bellinger, R.G., Senior Editor, et als. 2011. Clemson University 2011 Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops. ACPTP 11-01. 279 pp.
  • Greene, Jeremy, F. Reay-Jones, R.G. Bellinger, and T. Walker. rev. 2012 Cotton Insect Management. IC-97. Rev. March 2012.
  • Bellinger, R.G. 2011. Pesticide Regulatory Information, in CU 2011 Pest Management Handbook for Field Crops. ACPTP 11-01.
  • Bellinger, R.G. 2012. Poison Centers, in B. McCarty, Ed., CU Professional Turfgrass Pest Control. (Hard copy and web pub.)
  • Bellinger, R.G. 2011 Farm-Stored Soybean Insect Management - 2011.
  • 2011 Southeast Regional Muscadine Grape Integrated Management Guide. Bob Bellinger and Paul Guillibeau, Section Editors, Pesticide Stewardship and Safety. 2011.